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 Post subject: History
PostPosted: Fri Sep 15, 2006 9:36 pm 
The Ultimate Alice Cooper Fan
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Favorite Band: Dio w Viv. Van Halen w Dave.
Pre-History

The band Episode Six released several singles in the UK during the mid-sixties. It featured Ian Gillan on vocals, Graham Dimmock on guitar, Roger Glover on bass, Tony Lander on guitar, Sheila Carter on keyboards, and Harvey Shields on the drums. Despite extensive touring, they never had their big break..

In 1967, a band called The Flowerpot Men and their Garden was formed, formerly known as The Ivy League. It was concentrated on a trio of singers. The new name was clearly derived from the children's show The Flowerpot Men, with the obvious psychedelic-era puns on flower power and "pot". The band's most popular song was "Let's Go To San Francisco." Some listeners assumed that the song was a parody of Scott McKenzie's "If You're Going to San Francisco," but the band has denied this. It featured Tony Burrows, Neil Landon, Robin Shaw, and Pete Nelson on vocals, Ged Peck on guitar, Nick Simper on bass, Jon Lord on organ, and Carlo Little on drums. Jon Lord had formerly played in The Artwoods, Nick Simper had been with Screaming Lord Sutch's The Savages, where he also played with guitarist Ritchie Blackmore.


The Dawn of Purple

In 1967, former Searchers drummer Chris Curtis contacted London businessman Tony Edwards in the hope that he would manage a new group he was putting together. Curtis‚Äö?Ñ??‚àö?ë‚àö‚àÇ‚Äö?†??‚àö?´‚Äö?†??¬¨‚Ä¢ idea was that the members of the group would get on and off a musical roundabout, and suitably impressed, Edwards agreed to finance the venture with two business partners: John Coletta and Ron Hire (Hire-Edwards-Coletta ‚Äö?Ñ??‚àö?ë‚àö‚àÇ‚Äö?†??‚àö?´‚Äö?†??¬¨¬Æ HEC Enterprises).

Curtis then set about building up the group, to be known as Roundabout. His first encounter was with Hammond organ player Jon Lord, then he persuaded session guitarist Ritchie Blackmore to return from Hamburg, Germany, to audition for the new group. Curtis himself, however, soon dropped out, but HEC Enterprises, as well as Lord and Blackmore, were keen that the project should continue, so firstly bassist Nick Simper, then finally vocalist Rod Evans and drummer Ian Paice (both of whom were from the group The Maze), were recruited. After their first few gigs on a brief tour of Denmark in the spring of 1968, the band agreed on a new name suggested by Ritchie ‚Äö?Ñ??‚àö?ë‚àö‚àÇ‚Äö?†??‚àö?´‚Äö?†??¬¨¬Æ Deep Purple.

In October 1968, the group had tremendous success in the US (but not the UK) with a cover of Joe South's "Hush," taken from their debut album Shades of Deep Purple, and they were duly booked to support Cream on their Goodbye tour. However they were soon kicked off the tour, allegedly because they were upstaging the headlining act. The band's second album, The Book of Taliesyn, was released in the United States to coincide with this tour, although it would not be released in their home country until the following year. 1969 saw the release of their third album, Deep Purple, which contained a symphony orchestra on some tracks. After these three albums and extensive touring in the States, Rod Evans and Nick Simper were unceremoniously sacked, and replaced by vocalist Ian Gillan and bassist Roger Glover both ex-Episode Six. This would create the quintessential Deep Purple "Mark 2" lineup. Initially, this version of the band released a single probably influenced by the then-popular stage musical "Hair", a cover of a Greenaway-Cook tune titled "Hallelujah", which flopped, and then the Concerto for Group and Orchestra, a full three-movement work composed by Lord and performed at the Royal Albert Hall with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Malcolm Arnold. Together with Five Bridges by The Nice, it was one of the first collaborations between a rock band and an orchestra, although at the time, certain members of Purple (Blackmore especially) were less than happy at the group being tagged as "a group who played with orchestras" when actually what they had in mind was to develop the band into a much tighter, hard-rocking style.


Top of the World

Shortly after the orchestral release, the band began a hectic touring and recording schedule that was to see little respite for the next three years. Their first studio album of this period, released in mid-1970, was In Rock and contained concert staples Speed King and Child in Time. The band also issued the UK Top Ten single Black Night. Blackmore's and Lord's guitar-keyboard interplay coupled with Ian Gillan's howling vocals and the solid rhythm section of Glover and Paice, now started to become instantly recognizable. A second album, the slightly more mellow and progressive Fireball (a favourite of Gillan's but not of Blackmore's), was issued in 1971. The band also scored another chart hit with Strange Kind Of Woman. Together with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, Purple were laying the groundwork for what is now called heavy metal music, although at the time, the phrase was still to be coined.

During 1972, Deep Purple continued to tour and record at a rate that would be rare thirty years on, releasing Machine Head, an album that was due to be recorded at a casino in Montreux, using the Rolling Stones' mobile recording truck, but after a supposedly accidental fire during a Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention gig burned down the casino the album was actually recorded at the nearby Grand Hotel -- this incident famously inspiring the song Smoke on the Water. Gillan believes that he witnessed a man fire a flare gun into the ceiling during the concert. Continuing from where both previous albums left off, adding more boogie and funk influences, Machine Head has since remained the band's most classic album, creating a number of career-spanning stage favourites (Highway Star, Space Truckin', Lazy and Smoke on the Water). This album was followed a few months later by a live release, Made in Japan mostly recorded at three Japanese gigs- two in Osaka and one in Tokyo, it is today still one of rock music's most popular live concert recordings (although at the time it was perhaps seen as less important, as only Lord and Paice turned up to mix it).

The classic Purple Mk 2 line-up continued to work and record into 1973, releasing the album Who Do We Think We Are (1973), featuring the hit single Woman from Tokyo, but tensions within the band were more noticeable than ever. The bad feelings culminated in Ian Gillan quitting the band after another European tour, and Roger Glover being pushed out with him. Their replacements were an unknown singer from northern England, David Coverdale, and bassist Glenn Hughes, formerly of Trapeze. This new line-up continued into 1974 with the heavy blues/rock album Burn, another highly successful release. Hughes and Coverdale added a funky R&B/soul element to the band's music, a sound that was even more apparent on the 1974 release Stormbringer. Blackmore was not happy with the results, and as a result left the band in 1975 to form his own band with Ronnie James Dio and Elf, called Rainbow.

With Blackmore's departure, Deep Purple was left to fill one of the biggest vacancies in rock music. In spite of this, the rest of the band refused to go down without a fight, and to the surprise of many long-time observers, actually announced a replacement for the "irreplaceable" Man in Black. His name was Tommy Bolin, and the arrival of the young American to Deep Purple was a reality.

It was Coverdale who had suggested auditioning Bolin. "He walked in, thin as a rake, his hair colored green, yellow, and blue with feathers in it. Slinking along beside him was this stunning Hawaiian girl in a crochet dress with nothing on underneath. He plugged into four Marshall 100-watt stacks and . . ." The job was his. Bolin had been a member of many now-forgotten mid-'60s bands - Denny & The Triumphs, American Standard, and Zephyr, which released three albums from '69-72. Before Purple, Bolin's best-known recordings were made as a gun-for-hire on Billy Cobham's 1973 jazz fusion album, Spectrum, and on The James Gang's "Bang" (1973) and "Miami" (1974). He had also jammed with such luminaries as Dr. John, Albert King, and Alphonse Mouzon and was busy working on his first solo album, "Teaser", when he accepted the invitation to make history as a member of the new Deep Purple.

The resulting album, "Come Taste the Band", was released in the US in November 1975. Despite mixed reviews, the collection revitalized the band, bringing a new, extreme funk edge to their hard rock sound.

Bolin's influence was crucial, and with encouragement from Glenn Hughes and David Coverdale, the guitarist came up with much of the material. Later, when Bolin's own personal problems with drugs began to manifest, the consequences appeared in cancelled shows and missed cues, the writing was on the wall.

The end came on tour in Britain in March 1976, when the pressure to show what he could do proved too much for the increasingly addled guitarist. At the final 1968-76 Deep Purple show in Liverpool Empire Theatre, during his solo spot, Bolin's left arm became temporarily paralyzed by a bad fix of heroin, and he was unable to play. David Coverdale walked off in tears. It was all over. "It was a tragedy," said Coverdale. "Tommy was a brilliant guitarist, but he just couldn't... help himself". The break-up of Deep Purple was finally made public in July 1976.

Later, Bolin had just finished recording his second solo album, "Private Eyes", when, on December 4, 1976, the real tragedy struck. In Miami, during a tour supporting Jeff Beck, Bolin was found seemingly unconscious by his girlfriend. Unable to wake him, she hurriedly called paramedics, but it was too late. The official cause of death: multiple-drug intoxication. He was 25 years old.

Subsequently, most of the past members of Deep Purple went on to have considerable success in a number of other bands, including Rainbow, Whitesnake, Black Sabbath and Gillan. There were, however, a number of promoter-led attempts to get the band to reform, especially with the revival of the hard rock market in the late 70s/early 80s.


The Reunions

In 1980, Rod Evans, along with a group of unknown musicians, toured under the banner of Deep Purple. As the only original member, and one little known to most fans, this band was instantly derided by press and fans as a fraud. The lineup performed concerts in Mexico and the USA before legal action was taken to deny them the use of the name. In retrospect, however tenuous the connection this band had to the name "Deep Purple", it at least kept the name alive and in the media, albeit briefly. More information on this "fake" Deep Purple is available here and here.

However, in April 1984, eight years after the demise of Deep Purple, a full-scale (and legal) reunion happened. It was announced on BBC radio's The Friday Rock Show that the "classic" early 70s line-up of Blackmore, Gillan, Glover, Lord, and Paice was reforming and recording new material. The band signed a deal with Polydor in Europe and Mercury in North America. The album Perfect Strangers was released in October 1984 and the tour followed, starting in Australia and winding its way across the world into Europe by the following summer. It was a tremendous success. The UK homecoming proved limited, as they elected to play just a single festival show at Knebworth (with main support from the Scorpions). The weather was famously bad but 80,000 turned up anyway.

The line-up recorded and toured The House of Blue Light in 1987 though to lower sales, and a live album Nobody's Perfect (1988) was culled from several shows on this tour. In the UK a new version of "Hush" was released to mark 20 years of the band. In 1989, Ian Gillan was fired from the band, as his relations with Blackmore soured. His replacement was former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner. This line up recorded just one album, Slaves & Masters in 1990 (The favourite album of Blackmore), and toured in support of it. Despite the renewed excellence of the band during this period, many fans were not pleased with Turner, preferring Gillan.

With the tour done, Turner was forced to go as Lord, Paice, Glover, and the record company wanted Gillan back in the fold. Blackmore relented and the classic line-up recorded The Battle Rages On in 1993. During an artistically successful European tour during the fall of 1993, tensions between Gillan and Blackmore came to a head yet again. Blackmore walked out in November 1993, never to return and leaving the band in a fix. Joe Satriani was drafted in, so the live dates (in Japan) in December could be completed. Satriani stayed on for a European Summer tour in 1994, Satriani was asked to stay permanently but his record contract commitments prevented this. The band unanimously chose Dixie Dregs guitarist Steve Morse to become Blackmore's permanent successor.


Revival

Steve Morse‚Äö?Ñ??‚àö?ë‚àö‚àÇ‚Äö?†??‚àö?´‚Äö?†??¬¨‚Ä¢s arrival thoroughly revitalised the band as he is cited one the best and most accomplished modern guitarists. In 1996 the band released the critically acclaimed Purpendicular, which brimmed with confidence and new ideas. Deep Purple enjoyed success throughout the rest of the 1990s, releasing the harder-sounding Abandon in 1998, and touring with renewed relish, playing a setlist which was probably more adventurous and eclectic than ever before. In 1999, Jon Lord, with the help of a fan who was also a musicologist and composer, painstakingly recreated the Concerto for Group and Orchestra, and it was once again performed at the Royal Albert Hall in September 1999, this time with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Paul Mann. The concert also featured songs from each member‚Äö?Ñ??‚àö?ë‚àö‚àÇ‚Äö?†??‚àö?´‚Äö?†??¬¨‚Ä¢s solo careers, as well as a short Deep Purple set, and the occasion was commemorated on the 2000 album In Concert with the London Symphony Orchestra.

Much of the next few years was spent on the road via constant touring. The group continued forward until 2002, when venerable founding member Jon Lord (who, along with Ian Paice, was the only member to be in all incarnations of the band) announced his amicable retirement from the band to pursue personal projects (especially orchestral work). Rock keyboard veteran Don Airey (Rainbow/Whitesnake, etc.), who had helped Purple out when Lord was injured in 2001, joined the band. In 2003, Deep Purple released their first studio album in five years, the highly praised (but controversially titled) Bananas, and began touring in support of the album immediately. In July 2005 the band performed at the Live 8 concert in Park Place (Ontario) and, in October of the same year, released the album Rapture of the Deep. Although recorded in just a few weeks, this proved to be their most progressive and adventurous work for many years and was followed by yet another extensive world tour.

Today, Deep Purple steadfastly carries on in the studio and around the globe as one of history's most prolific, longest-lived, and hardest touring rock 'n roll bands.


Personnel and discography

Deep Purple personnel

Mk I
(1968-1969)

Rod Evans - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Nick Simper - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk II
(1969-1973)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk III
(1973-1975)

David Coverdale - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Glenn Hughes - bass guitar,vocals
Ian Paice - drums

Mk IV
(1975-1976)
David Coverdale - vocals
Tommy Bolin - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Glenn Hughes - bass guitar,vocals
Ian Paice - drums

(1976-1984) Band split.

Mk IIa, reunited
(1984-1989)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk V
(1989-1991)

Joe Lynn Turner - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk IIb, again reunited
(1992-1993)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Ritchie Blackmore - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk VI
(1993-1994)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Joe Satriani - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk VII
(1994-2002)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Steve Morse - guitar
Jon Lord - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

Mk VIII
(2002-present)

Ian Gillan - vocals
Steve Morse - guitar
Don Airey - keyboards
Roger Glover - bass guitar
Ian Paice - drums

The various line-ups in the history of Deep Purple are referred to by fans and the band themselves by "Mark" numbers (abbreviated as Mk I, Mk II, etc.) The "gap" in the numbering, Mk VI, refers to the series of concerts performed with Joe Satriani on guitar, when Ritchie Blackmore quit the band halfway through the tour in November 1993. This is the only lineup for which no official recordings have yet been released.


Studio albums

Mk I

Shades of Deep Purple, September 1968 #24 US
The Book of Taliesyn, December 1968 #54 US
Deep Purple, November 1969 #162 US

Mk II
Deep Purple in Rock, June 1970 #4 UK, #143 US
Fireball, September 1971 #1 UK, #32 US
Machine Head, March 1972 #1 UK, #7 US
Who Do We Think We Are, February 1973 #4 UK, #15 US

Mk III
Burn, February 1974 #3 UK, #9 US
Stormbringer, December 1974 #6 UK, #20 US

Mk IV
Come Taste the Band, October 1975 #19 UK, #43 US

Mk II, reunited
Perfect Strangers, November 1984 #5 UK, #17 US
The House of Blue Light, January 1987 #10 UK, #34 US

Mk V
Slaves & Masters, October 1990 # 45 UK, #87 US

Mk II, again reunited
The Battle Rages On, July 1993 #21 UK, #192 US

Mk VII
Purpendicular, February 1996 #58 UK
Abandon, May 1998 #76 UK

Mk VIII
Bananas, August 2003
Rapture of the Deep, October 2005 #81 UK
Rapture of the Deep Special 2CD Edition , June 2006


Live albums

Live in Inglewood, 1968 (released 2004)
Concerto for Group and Orchestra, 1969
Kneel & Pray, 1969 (released 2004)
Gemini Suite Live, 1970 (released 1998)
Scandinavian Nights, 1970 (released 1988)
Space Vol 1 & 2, 1970 (released 2004)
Made in Japan 1972, #16 UK, #6 US
Deep Purple In Concert, 1970-1972 (released 1980) #30 UK
Denmark 1972, 1972 (released 2004)
Made in Europe, 1975, #12 UK, #148 US
Live in London, 1974 (released 1982), #23 UK
Just Might Take Your Life , 1974 (released 1996 | 2004)
Perks And Tit, 1974 (released 2004)
The Final Concerts, 1975 (released 1996)
Last Concert in Japan, 1976
King Biscuit Flower Hour Presents: Deep Purple in Concert(=On the Wings of a Russian Foxbat) = , 1975 (released 1995)
This Time Around: Live in Tokyo, 1975 (released 2001)
Nobody's Perfect, 1987 (released 1988) #38 UK, #105 US
In The Absence of Pink: Knebworth 85, 1985 (released 1991)
Come Hell or High Water, 1993, (released 1994)
Live In Europe 1993, 1993 (4-CD box set - released 2006)
Live at the Olympia '96, 1996 (released 1997)
Total Abandon: Live in Australia, 1999
In Concert with the London Symphony Orchestra, 1999
Live At The Rotterdam Ahoy, 2000
The Soundboard Series, 2001


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